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Research Features

Pliocene Global Warming: Page 4 of 4


  • Barrett, P.J., C.J. Adams, W.C. McIntosh, C.C. Swisher, III, and G.S. Wilson 1992. Geochronological evidence supporting Antarctic deglaciation three million years ago, Nature 359, 816-818.
  • Barron, J.A. 1992. Pliocene paleoclimatic interpretation of DSDP Site 580 (NW Pacific) using diatoms. Marine Micropaleontol. 20, 23-44.
  • Chandler, M. 1993. GCM simulations of the pliocene climate: Feedbacks, ocean transports, and CO2. In Pliocene Terrestrial Environments and Data/Model Comparisons (R. Thompson, Ed.). USGS Open File Report No. 94-23.
  • Chandler, M. 1994. Global climate model simulations of the Middle Pliocene, continued. In Pliocene High-latitude Climate Records (S. Ishman, Ed.). USGS Open File Report No. 94-588.
  • Chandler, M.A., D. Rind, and R.S. Thompson 1994. Joint investigations of the middle Pliocene climate II: GISS GCM Northern Hemisphere results. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 9, 197-219.
  • Crowley, T.J. 1991. Modeling Pliocene warmth. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 10, 275-282.
  • Dowsett, H.J., and R.Z. Poore 1991. Pliocene sea surface temperatures of the North Atlantic Ocean at 3.0 Ma. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 10, 189-204.
  • Dowsett, H.J., T.M. Cronin, R.Z. Poore, R.S. Thompson, R.C. Whatley, and A.M. Wood 1992. Micropaleontological evidence for increased meridional heat transport in the North Atlantic Ocean during the Pliocene. Science 258, 1133-1135.
  • Dowsett, H.J., R.S. Thompson, J.A. Barron, T.M. Cronin, S.E. Ishman, R.Z. Poore, D.A. Willard, and T.R. Holtz, Jr. 1994. Joint investigations of the Middle Pliocene climate I: PRISM palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 9, 169-195.
  • Matthews, J.V., and L.E. Ovenden 1990. Late Tertiary plant macrofossils from localities in Arctic/Subarctic North America: A review of the data. ARCTIC 43, 364-392.
  • Raymo, M.E., D. Hodell, and E. Jansen 1992. Response of deep ocean circulation to initiation of Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Paleoceanogr. 7, 645-672.
  • Raymo, M.E., B. Grant, M., Horowitz, and G.H. Rau 1996. Mid-Pliocene warmth: Stronger greenhouse and stronger conveyor. Marine Micropaleontol. 27, 313-326.
  • Rind, D., and M.A. Chandler 1991. Increased ocean heat transports and warmer climate. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 7437-7461.
  • Webb, P.N., and D.M. Harwood 1991. Late Cenozoic glacial history of the Ross Embayment, Antarctica. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 10, 215-223.

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