Salvador, A., G. Avice, D. Breuer, C. Gillmann, H. Lammer, E. Marcq, S.N. Raymond, H. Sakuraba, M. Scherf, and M.J. Way, 2023: Magma ocean, water, and the early atmosphere of Venus. Space Sci. Rev., 219, no. 7, 51, doi:10.1007/s11214-023-00995-7.
Naud, C.M., G.S. Elsaesser, and J.F. Booth, 2023: Dominant cloud controlling factors for low-level cloud fraction: Subtropical versus extratropical oceans. Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, no. 19, e2023GL104496, doi:10.1029/2023GL104496.
Raiter, D., L.M. Polvani, I. Mitevski, A.G. Pendergrass, and C. Orbe, 2023: Little change in apparent hydrological sensitivity at large CO2 forcing. Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, no. 18, e2023GL104954, doi:10.1029/2023GL104954.
Singh, J., B.I. Cook, K. Marvel, S. McDermid, G.G. Persad, B. Rajaratnam, and D. Singh, 2023: Anthropogenic aerosols delay the emergence of GHGs-forced wetting of South Asian rainy seasons under a fossil-fuel intensive pathway. Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, no. 18, e2023GL103949, doi:10.1029/2023GL103949.
Schmidt, G.A., G.S. Jones, and J.J. Kennedy, 2023: Comment on "Advanced testing of low, medium, and high ECS CMIP6 GCM simulations versus ERA5-T2m" by N. Scafetta (2022). Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, e2022GL102530, doi:10.1029/2022GL102530.
How Do We Know What Earth's Climate Was Like Long Ago?
Research at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made changes in our environment that occur on various time scales — from one-time forcings such as volcanic explosions, to seasonal and annual effects such as El Niño, and on up to the millennia of ice ages — and that affect the habitability of our planet.
GISS is located at Columbia University in New York City. The institute is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and is affiliated with the Columbia Climate School and School of Engineering and Applied Science.