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Miscellaneous symbols

Some symbols for math

The following symbols are also used only in math mode

  • \aleph - Hebrew aleph
  • \hbar - h-bar, Planck's constant
  • \imath - variation on "i"; no dot
    • See also \i
  • \jmath - variation on "j"; no dot
    • See also \j
  • \ell - script (loop) "l"
  • \wp - fancy script lowercase "P"
  • \Re - script capital "R" ("Real")
  • \Im - script capital "I" ("Imaginary")
  • \prime - prime (also obtained by typing ')
  • \nabla - inverted capital Delta
  • \surd - radical (square root) symbol
  • \angle - angle symbol
  • \forall - "for all" (inverted A)
  • \exists - "exists" (left-facing E)
  • \backslash - backslash
  • \partial - partial derivative symbol
  • \infty - infinity symbol
  • \triangle - open triangle symbol
  • \Box - open square
  • \Diamond - open diamond
  • \flat - music: flat symbol
  • \natural - music: natural symbol
  • \sharp - music: sharp symbol
  • \clubsuit - playing cards: club suit symbol
  • \diamondsuit - playing cards: diamond suit symbol
  • \heartsuit - playing cards: heart suit symbol
  • \spadesuit - playing cards: spade suit symbol

Some other symbols

The following symbols can be used in any mode.

  • \dag - dagger
  • \ddag - double dagger
  • \S - section symbol
  • \P - paragraph symbol
  • \copyright - copyright symbol
  • \pounds - British pound sterling symbol

Calligraphic style letters

Twenty-six calligraphic letters are provided (the upper case alphabet). These can only be used in math mode.

In LaTeX 2.09 they are produced with the \cal declaration

    ${\cal A}$

In LaTeX2e they are obtained with the \mathcal command:

    $\mathcal{CAL}$

See also Math Formulas, Math Symbols, Math Miscellany

  • \stackrel (putting things above other things)

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Revised 7 Jul 1995.