Air Pollution as a Climate Forcing: A Workshop
Day 5 Presentations
Capacity Building Opportunities of "Regional Air Quality Studies and its Possible Impacts on Climate" in China
College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China
This report considers some of the on-going and forthcoming regional air quality studies and their possible impacts on climate in China. These research programs provide opportunities for international collaboration and capacity building.
- Pearl River Delta (PRD) Air Quality Management System Pilot project
- This two-year policy-relevant pilot research project will start on May 1, 2002 to study ozone and PM2.5 in Hong Kong (HK) and the PRD. The scientific objectives of this private and public funded project are (1) to assess the relative importance of various VOCs and NOx and their contributions to ozone formation in HK and the PRD and (2) to study the chemical compositions of PM2.5 and to assess the source apportionment in HK and the PRD.
- Source Apportionment Study in Guangzhou
- Two-year research project includes (1) the development of methodologies of source profiles (funded by the Minister of Science and Technology) and (2) Source apportionment study in Guangzhou (funded by the municipal government of Guangzhou)
- Yangtze River Delta Radiation Properties of Aerosols and Their Impact on Regional Climate Study
- Extension of China MAP project (a major research project funded by the China National natural Sciences Foundation). This research project will be considered as a Sino-US Joint Research program.
- Blue Sky Projects for 2008 Olympic Games
- A brief discussion of each study was presented. Opportunities for participation in field observation, numerical simulations, emission inventory, source profiles, and source apportionment for these air quality studies is discussed. Specific need in source profile of biomass burning is addressed and possible opportunity for joint study is explored. Other selected health effects, eco-system effects, dust-storm related and regional climate studies are listed for reference. Several key issues involved in the international collaboration, such as human resource development, inter-comparison of measurements, modeling, QA/QC and data sharing for capacity building in China (or other developing countries) will be discussed.
- In addition to "capacity building", needs for regional "confidence building" must be recognized.