NASA GISS to Help Lead Search for Habitable Exoplanets

Graphic of exoplanet simulation data

NASA announced this week the creation of the Nexus for Exoplanet Systems Science (NExSS) network that will study planets beyond our solar system for habitability and other features tapping the expertise of researchers at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Goddard Space Flight Center and other locations.

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No Major U.S. Hurricane Landfalls in Nine Years: Luck?

Satellite image of hurrican striking Gulf Coast

The United States hasn't experienced the landfall of a Category 3 or larger hurricane in nine years — a string of years that's likely to come along only once every 177 years, according to a new NASA study.

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GISS Scientists Select Best Institute Paper of 2014

Image of Journal Article

The staff of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies have voted the journal article "CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2" by Ron Miller et al. as the top work among over 130 research publications by institute staff to have been published in 2014.

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NASA's Exoplanet Nexus — 2. Looking to the Stars

Artists's concept of exoplanet

While the Goddard Institute for Space Studies was opening the eyes of the world to new areas of Earth systems science in recent decades, its research roots in planetary science have continued. That expertise will now be applied to the new area of exoplanet systems science.

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NASA's Exoplanet Nexus — 1. A History in Climate Studies

Graphic of Pioneer Venus

The Goddard Institute for Space Studies is providing expertise to the Nexus for Exoplanet System Science in the area of exoplanet atmospheres and climate. GISS has been a key player in the study of planetary climates and atmospheres for decades.

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Increased Rainfall in Tropics Caused by More Frequent Big Storms

Photo of Pacific rain cloud

A new study based in part on NASA satellite data has shown what has been called a "rich-get-richer" pattern in which an increase in large, well-organized thunderstorms is boosting rainfall in the wettest regions of Earth's tropics.

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About GISS

Research at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made changes in our environment that occur on various time scales — from one-time forcings such as volcanic explosions, to seasonal and annual effects such as El Niño, and on up to the millennia of ice ages — and that affect the habitability of our planet.

GISS is located at Columbia University in New York City. The institute is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and is affiliated with the Columbia Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science.

Recent Publications

Luneva, M.V., C.A. Clayson, and M.S. Dubovikov, 2015: Effects of mesoscale eddies in the active mixed layer: Test of the parametrisation in eddy resolving simulations. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dyn., 109, no. 3, 281-310, doi:10.1080/03091929.2015.1041023.

Voulgarakis, A., M.E. Marlier, G. Faluvegi, D.T. Shindell, K. Tsigaridis, and S. Mangeon, 2015: Interannual variability of tropospheric trace gases and aerosols: The role of biomass burning emissions. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., early on-line, doi:10.1002/2014JD022926.

Kong, A.Y.Y., C. Rosenzweig, and J. Arky, 2015: Nitrogen dynamics associated with organic and inorganic inputs to substrate commonly used on rooftop farms. Hortscience, 50, no. 6, 806-813.

Walsh, K.J.E., S.J. Camargo, G.A. Vecchi, A.S. Daloz, J. Elsner, K. Emanuel, M. Horn, Y.-K. Lim, M. Roberts, C. Patricola, E. Scoccimarro, A.H. Sobel, S. Strazzo, G. Villarini, M. Wehner, M. Zhao, J.P. Kossin, T. LaRow, K. Oouchi, S. Schubert, H. Wang, J. Bacmeister, P. Chang, F. Chauvin, C. Jablonowski, A. Kumar, H. Murakami, T. Ose, K.A. Reed, R. Saravanan, Y. Yamada, C.M. Zarzycki, P.L. Vidale, J.A. Jonas, and N. Henderson, 2015: Hurricanes and climate: The U.S. CLIVAR working group on hurricanes. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 96, no. 6, 997-1017, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00242.1.

Achakulwisut, P., L.J. Mickley, L.T. Murray, A.P.K. Tai, J.O. Kaplan, and B. Alexander, 2015: Uncertainties in isoprene photochemistry and emissions: Implications for the oxidative capacity of past and present atmospheres and for trends in climate forcing agents. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 7977-7998, doi:10.5194/acp-15-7977-2015.