No Major U.S. Hurricane Landfalls in Nine Years: Luck?

Satellite image of hurrican striking Gulf Coast

The United States hasn't experienced the landfall of a Category 3 or larger hurricane in nine years — a string of years that's likely to come along only once every 177 years, according to a new NASA study.

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NASA GISS to Help Lead Search for Habitable Exoplanets

Graphic of exoplanet simulation data

NASA announced this week the creation of the Nexus for Exoplanet Systems Science (NExSS) network that will study planets beyond our solar system for habitability and other features tapping the expertise of researchers at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Goddard Space Flight Center and other locations.

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NASA's Exoplanet Nexus — 2. Looking to the Stars

Artists's concept of exoplanet

While the Goddard Institute for Space Studies was opening the eyes of the world to new areas of Earth systems science in recent decades, its research roots in planetary science have continued. That expertise will now be applied to the new area of exoplanet systems science.

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NASA's Exoplanet Nexus — 1. A History in Climate Studies

Graphic of Pioneer Venus

The Goddard Institute for Space Studies is providing expertise to the Nexus for Exoplanet System Science in the area of exoplanet atmospheres and climate. GISS has been a key player in the study of planetary climates and atmospheres for decades.

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Increased Rainfall in Tropics Caused by More Frequent Big Storms

Photo of Pacific rain cloud

A new study based in part on NASA satellite data has shown what has been called a "rich-get-richer" pattern in which an increase in large, well-organized thunderstorms is boosting rainfall in the wettest regions of Earth's tropics.

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Study Assesses Fragility of Global Food System

Photo of drought-stressed corn

As global food networks become more complex and interdependent, how concerned should we be about the stability of the system being disrupted by geopolitical, economic, and climatic events? What can we do to avoid future trouble?

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About GISS

Research at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made changes in our environment that occur on various time scales — from one-time forcings such as volcanic explosions, to seasonal and annual effects such as El Niño, and on up to the millennia of ice ages — and that affect the habitability of our planet.

GISS is located at Columbia University in New York City. The institute is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and is affiliated with the Columbia Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science.

Recent Publications

Romanou, A., and J. Marshall, 2015: Ocean heat and carbon uptake in transient climate change: Identifying model uncertainty. US CLIVAR Variations, 13, no. 2, 8-11.

Trail, M., A.P. Tsimpidi, P. Liu, K. Tsigaridis, Y. Hu, A. Nenes, B. Stone, and A.G. Russell, 2015: Reforestation and crop land conversion impacts on future regional air quality in the Southeastern U.S. Agr. Forest Meteorol., 209, 78-86, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.05.001.

Winter, J.M., P.J.-F. Yeh, X. Fu, and E.A.B. Eltahir, 2015: Uncertainty in modeled and observed climate change impacts on American Midwest hydrology. Water Resour. Res., early on-line, doi:10.1002/2014WR016056.

Pan, X., M. Chin, R. Gautam, H. Bian, D. Kim, P.R. Colarco, T.L. Diehl, T. Takemura, L. Pozzoli, K. Tsigaridis, S. Bauer, and N. Bellouin, 2015: A multi-model evaluation of aerosols over South Asia: Common problems and possible causes. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 5903-5928, doi:10.5194/acp-15-5903-2015.

Voulgarakis, A., and R.D. Field, 2015: Fire influences on atmospheric composition, air quality, and climate. Curr. Pollut. Rep., early on-line, doi:10.1007/s40726-015-0007-z.

Liu, J., M. Song, R. Horton, and Y. Hu, 2015: Revisiting the potential of melt pond fraction as a predictor for the seasonal Arctic sea ice extent minimum. Environ. Res. Lett., 10, no. 5, 054017, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/5/054017.

Kokhanovsky, A.A., A.B. Davis, B. Cairns, O. Dubovik, O.P. Hasekamp, I. Sano, S. Mukai, V.V. Rozanov, P. Litvinov, T. Lapyonok, I.S. Kolomiets, Y.A. Oberemok, S. Savenkov, W. Martin, A. Wasilewski, A. di Noia, A. Stap, J. Rietjens, F. Xu, V. Natraj, M. Duan, T. Cheng, and R. Munro, 2015: Space-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: The multi-angle spectro-polarimetric frontier. Earth-Sci. Rev., 145, 85-116, doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.01.012.