Columbia University Graduate Study at NASA/GISS

Refereed Publications

The following papers are based on Columbia University graduate student research at NASA/GISS or included significant contributions by graduate student researchers. (Note: This list is not complete.) Student names are underlined. For publications by all NASA/GISS personnel, please see the GISS publications database.


Coats, S., J.E. Smerdon, B.I. Cook, and R. Seager, 2015: Are simulated megadroughts in the North American Southwest forced? J. Climate, 28, no. 1, 124-142, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00071.1.

Coats, S., B.I. Cook, J.E. Smerdon, and R. Seager, 2015: North American pan-continental droughts in model simulations of the last millennium. J. Climate, 28, no. 5, 2025-2043, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00634.1.

Coats, S., J. E. Smerdon, R. Seager, D. Griffin, and B.I. Cook, 2015: Winter-to-summer precipitation phasing in southwestern North America: A multi-century perspective from paleoclimatic model-data comparisons. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, no. 16, 8052-8064, doi:10.1002/2015JD023085.


Shukla, S.P., M.J. Puma, and B.I. Cook, 2014: The response of the South Asian Summer Monsoon circulation to intensified irrigation in global climate model simulations. Clim. Dyn., 42, 21-36, doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1786-9.

Martin, W., B. Cairns, and G. Bal, 2014: Adjoint methods for adjusting three-dimensional atmosphere and surface properties to fit multi-angle/multi-pixel polarimetric measurements. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 144, 68-85, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.03.030.

Yonekura, E., and T.M. Hall, 2014: ENSO effect on East Asian tropical cyclone landfall via changes in tracks and genesis in a statistical model. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 53, 406-420, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0240.1.


Coats, S., J.E. Smerdon, R. Seager, B.I. Cook, and J.F. González-Rouco, 2013: Megadroughts in Southwestern North America in millennium-length ECHO-G simulations and their comparison to proxy drought reconstructions. J. Climate, 26, 7635-7649, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00603.1.

Coats, S., J.E. Smerdon, B.I. Cook, and R. Seager, 2013: Stationarity of the tropical Pacific teleconnection to North America in CMIP5/PMIP3 model simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4927-4932, doi:10.1002/grl.50938.

Hall, T., and E. Yonekura, 2013: North-American tropical cyclone landfall and SST: A statistical model study. J. Climate, 26, 8422-8439, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00756.1.


Li, J., B.E. Carlson, and A.A. Lacis, 2011: El Niño-Southern Oscillation correlated aerosol Ångström Exponent anomaly over the tropical Pacific discovered in satellite measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D20204, doi:10.1029/2011JD015733.

Shukla, S.P., M.A. Chandler, D. Rind, L.E. Sohl, J. Jonas, and J. Lerner, 2011: Teleconnections in a warmer climate: The Pliocene perspective. Clim. Dynam., 37, 1869-1887, doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0976-y.

Stramler, K., A.D. Del Genio, and W.B. Rossow, 2011: Synoptically driven Arctic winter states. J. Climate, 24, 1747-1762, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3817.1.

Yonekura, E., and T.M. Hall, 2011: A statistical model of tropical cyclone tracks in the Western North Pacific with ENSO-dependent cyclogenesis. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., 50, 1725-1739, doi:10.1175/2011JAMC2617.1.


Li, J., L. Liu, A.A. Lacis, and B.E. Carlson, 2010: An optimal fitting approach to improve the GISS ModelE aerosol optical property parameterization using AERONET data. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16211, doi:10.1029/2010JD013909.


Field, C.V., and G.A. Schmidt, 2009: Model-based constraints on interpreting 20th century trends in ice core 10Be. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D12110, doi:10.1029/2008JD011217.

Field, C.V., G.A. Schmidt, and D.T. Shindell, 2009: Interpreting 10Be changes during the Maunder Minimum. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D02113, doi:10.1029/2008JD010578.

Li, J., B.E. Carlson, and A.A. Lacis, 2009: A study on the temporal and spatial variability of absorbing aerosols using total ozone mapping spectrometer and ozone monitoring instrument aerosol index data. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D09213, doi:10.1029/2008JD011278.

Shukla, S.P., M.A. Chandler, J. Jonas, L.E. Sohl, K. Mankoff, and H. Dowsett, 2009: Impact of a permanent El Niño (El Padre) and Indian Ocean Dipole in warm Pliocene climates. Paleoceanography, 24, PA2221, doi:10.1029/2008PA001682.

Wu, J., A.D. Del Genio, M.-S. Yao, and A.B. Wolf, 2009: WRF and GISS SCM simulations of convective updraft properties during TWP-ICE. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D04206, doi:10.1029/2008JD010851.


Chen, J., A.D. Del Genio, B.E. Carlson, and M.G. Bosilovich, 2008: The spatiotemporal structure of twentieth-century climate variations in observations and reanalyses. Part I: Long-term trend. J. Climate, 21, 2611-2633, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2011.1.

Chen, J., A.D. Del Genio, B.E. Carlson, and M.G. Bosilovich, 2008: The spatiotemporal structure of twentieth-century climate variations in observations and reanalyses. Part II: Pacific pan-decadal variability. J. Climate, 21, 2634-2650, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2012.1.

Knobelspiesse, K.D., B. Cairns, B. Schmid, M.O. Román, and C.B. Schaaf, 2008: Surface BRDF estimation from an aircraft compared to MODIS and ground estimates at the Southern Great Plains site. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20105, doi:10.1029/2008JD010062.

Xian, P., and R.L. Miller, 2008: Abrupt seasonal migration of the ITCZ into the summer hemisphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 1678-1695, doi:10.1175/2007JAS2367.1.


LeGrande, A.N., and J. Lynch-Stieglitz, 2007: Surface currents in the western North Atlantic during the Last Glacial Maximum. Geochem. Geophys. Geosystems, 8, Q01N09, doi:10.1029/2006GC001371.


Bauer, M., and A.D. Del Genio 2006. Composite analysis of winter cyclones in a GCM: Influence on climatological humidity. J. Climate 19, 1652-1672, doi:10.1175/JCLI3690.1.

Eichler, T., D. Rind, and S. Zebiak 2006. Impact of global warming on ENSO variability using the coupled giss GCM/ZC model. Intl. J. Climatol. 26, 1283-1314, doi:10.1002/joc.1308.

Field, C.V., G.A. Schmidt, D. Koch, and C. Salyk 2006. Modeling production and climate-related impacts on 10Be concentration in ice cores. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D15107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006410.

Koch, D., G.A. Schmidt, and C.V. Field 2006. Sulfur, sea salt and radionuclide aerosols in GISS ModelE. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D06206, doi:10.1029/2004JD005550.

LeGrande, A.N., G.A. Schmidt, D.T. Shindell, C.V. Field, R.L. Miller, D.M. Koch, G. Faluvegi, and G. Hoffmann 2006. Consistent simulations of multiple proxy responses to an abrupt climate change event. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103, 837-842, doi:10.1073pnas.0510095103.


Gianelli, S.M., B.E. Carlson, and A.A. Lacis 2005. Aerosol retrievals using rotating shadowband spectroradiometer data. J. Geophys. Res. 110, D05203, doi:10.1029/2004JD005329.

Liu, J., J.A. Curry, W.B. Rossow, J.R. Key, and X. Wang 2005. Comparison of surface radiative flux data sets over the Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. 110, C02015, doi:10.1029/2004JC002381.


Cakmur, R.V., R.L. Miller, and O. Torres 2004. Incorporating the effect of small scale circulations upon dust emission in an AGCM. J. Geophys. Res. 109, D07201, doi:10.1029/2003JD004067.

Liu, J., X.J. Yuan, D.G. Martinson, and D. Rind 2004. Re-evaluating Antarctic sea-ice variability and its teleconnections in a GISS global climate model with improved sea ice and ocean processes. Internatl. J. Climatol. 24, 841-852, doi:10.1002/joc.1040.

Liu, L., M.I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S.M. Sakerin, D.M. Kabanov, and O.A. Ershov 2004. Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.03.031.

Luo, Z., and W.B. Rossow 2004. Characterizing tropical cirrus life cycle, evolution, and interaction with upper-tropospheric water vapor using Lagrangian trajectory analysis of satellite observations. J. Climate 17, 4541-4563, doi:10.1175/3222.1.


Liu, J., G.A. Schmidt, D. Martinson, D.H. Rind, G.L. Russell, and X. Yuan 2003. Sensitivity of sea ice to physical parameterizations in the GISS global climate model. J. Geophys. Res. 108, no. C2, 3053, doi:10.1029/2001JC001167.

Liu, L., M.I. Mishchenko, J.W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz 2003. Scattering matrix of quartz aerosols: comparison and synthesis of laboratory and Lorenz-Mie results. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79-80, 911-920, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(02)00328-X.

Rozendaal, M.A., and W.B. Rossow 2003. Characterizing some of the influences of the general circulation on subtropical marine boundary layer clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. 60, 711-728, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<0711:CSOTIO>2.0.CO;2.


Bauer, M., A.D. Del Genio, and J.R. Lanzante 2002. Observed and simulated temperature-humidity relationships: Sensitivity to sampling and analysis. J. Climate 15, 203-215, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<0203:OASTHR>2.0.CO;2.

Chen, J., B.E. Carlson, and A.D. Del Genio 2002. Evidence for strengthening of the tropical general circulation in the 1990s. Science 295, 838-841.

Liu, J., D.G. Martinson, X. Yuan, and D. Rind 2002. Evaluating Antarctic sea ice variability and its teleconnections in global climate models. Intl. J. Climatol. 22, 885-900.

Liu, J., X. Yuan, D. Rind, and D.G. Martinson 2002. Mechanism study of the ENSO and southern high latitute climate teleconnections. Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, no. 14, doi:10.1029/2002GL015143.

Liu, L., M.I. Mishchenko, S. Menon, A. Macke, and A.A. Lacis 2002. The effect of black carbon on scattering and absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 74, 195-204.

Luo, Z., W.B. Rossow, T. Inoue, and C.J. Stubenrauch 2002. Did the eruption of the Mt. Pinatubo volcano affect cirrus properties? J. Climate 15, 2806-2820, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<2806:DTEOTM>2.0.CO;2.


Cakmur, R.V., R.L. Miller, and I. Tegen 2001. A comparison of seasonal and interannual variability of soil dust aerosols over the Atlantic Ocean as inferred by the TOMS AI and AVHRR AOT retrievals. J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18287-18303.

Liu, L., and M.I. Mishchenko 2001. Constraints on PSC particle microphysics derived from lidar observations. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 70, 817-831.


Chen, T., W.B. Rossow, and Y.C. Zhang 2000. Radiative effects of cloud type variations. J. Climate 13, 264-286.

Chen, T., Y. Zhang, and W.B. Rossow 2000. Sensitivity of atmospheric radiative heating rate profiles to variations of cloud layer overlap. J. Climate 13, 2941-2959.


Druyan, L., P. Lonergan, and T. Eichler 1999. A GCM investigation of global warming impacts relevant to tropical cyclone genesis. Internatl. J. Climatol. 19, 607-617.

Kneller, M., and D. Peteet 1999. Late-glacial to early Holocene climate changes from a central Appalachian pollen and macrofossil record. Quaternary Res. 51, 133-147.

Wong, S., M.J. Prather, and D.H. Rind 1999. Seasonal and interannual variability of the budgets of N2O and CCl3F. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 23899-23909.


Ye, B., A.D. Del Genio, and K.K.-W. Lo 1998. CAPE variations in the current climate and in a climate change. J. Climate 11, 1997-2015.


Dai, A., I.Y. Fung, and A.D. Del Genio 1997. Surface observed global land precipitation variations during 1900-1988. J. Climate 10, 2943-2962.

Dai, A., A.D. Del Genio, and I.Y. Fung 1997. Clouds, precipitation and temperature range. Nature 386, 665-666.

Jin, Y., and W.B. Rossow 1997. Detection of cirrus overlapping low-level clouds. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 1727-1737.

Shindell, D.T., S. Wong, and D. Rind 1997. Interannual variability of the Antarctic ozone hole in a GCM. Part 1: The influence of tropospheric wave variability. J. Atmos. Sci. 54, 2308-2319.


Jin, Y., W.B. Rossow, and D. Wylie 1996. Comparison of the climatologies of high-level clouds from HIRS and ISCCP. J. Climate 9, 2850-2879.


Lynn, B., R. Avissar, and F. Abramopoulos 1995. Using similarity theory to parameterize the impact of subgrid-scale mesoscale circulations on GCM resolvable-scale variables. J. Climate 8, 932-951.

Lynn, B., D. Rind, and R. Avissar 1995. The importance of mesoscale circulations generated by subgridscale mesoscale circulations on GCM resolvable-scale variables. J. Climate 8, 191-205.

Poore, K.D., J.H. Wang, and W.B. Rossow 1995. Climatology of cloud layer thicknesses from a combination of surface and upper air observations. J. Climate 8, 550-568.

Wang, J.H., and W.B. Rossow 1995. Determination of cloud vertical structure from upper air observations. J. Appl. Meteor 34, 2243-2258.


Canuto, V.M., F.O. Minotti, and O. Schilling 1994. Differential rotation and turbulent convection: A new Reynolds stress model and comparison with solar data. Astrophys. J. 425, 303-325.

Cohen. J. 1994. Snow cover and climate. Weather 49, 150-156.

Fu, R., A.D. Del Genio, and W.B. Rossow 1994. Deep convection, vertical thermodynamic structure and surface conditions in the tropical Pacific. J. Climate 7, 1092-1108.

Han, Q., W.B. Rossow, and A.A. Lacis 1994. Near-global survey of effective droplet radii in liquid water clouds using ISCCP data. J. Climate 7, 465-497.

Lin, B., and W.B. Rossow 1994. Observations of cloud liquid water path over oceans: Optical and microwave remote sensing methods. J. Geophys Res. 99, 20909-20927.

Lynch-Stieglitz, M. 1994. The development and validation of a simple snow model for the GISS GCM. J. Climate 7, 1842-1855.

Price, C., and D. Rind 1994. Possible implications of global climate change on global lightning distributions and frequencies. J. Geophys Res. 20, 10837-10842.

Price, C., and D. Rind 1994. Modelling global lightning distributions in a general circulation model. Mon. Wea. Rev. 122, 1930-1939.


Dai, A., and I.Y. Fung 1993. Can climate variability contribute to the "missing" CO2 sink? Global Biogeochem. Cycles 7, 599-609.

Kneller, M., and D. Peteet 1993. Late-Quaternary climate in the ridge and valley of Virginia, U.S.A.: Changes in vegetation and depositional environment. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 12, 613-628.

Price, C. 1993. Global surface temperatures and the Earth's electrical circuit. Geophys. Res. Letters 20, 1363-1366.

Price, C., and D. Rind 1993. What determines the cloud-to-ground lightning fraction in thunderstorms? Geophys. Res. Letters 20, 463-466.

Tselioudis. G., A.A. Lacis, D. Rind, and W.B. Rossow 1993. Potential low-cloud optical thickness feedbacks on climate warming. Nature 366, 670-672.


Chandler, M.A., D. Rind, and R. Ruedy 1992. Pangaean climate during the Early Jurassic: GCM simulations and the sedimentary record of paleoclimate. Geol. Soc. of Amer. Bull. 104, 543-559.

Fu, R., A.D. Del Genio, W.B. Rossow, and W.T. Liu 1992. Cirrus cloud thermostat for tropical sea surface temperatures tested using satellite data. Nature 358, 394-397.

Price, C., and D. Rind 1992. A simple lightning parameterization for calculating global lightning distributions. J. Geophys. Res. 97, 9919-9933.

Tselioudis, G., W.B. Rossow, and D. Rind 1992. Global patterns of cloud optical thickness variation with temperature. J. Climate 5, 1484-1495.

Yin, F.-L., I. Fung, and C.-K. Chu 1992. Equilibrium response of ocean deep-water circulation to variations in Ekman pumping and deep-water sources. J. Phys. Ocean. 22, 1129-1157.


Chasnov, J. 1991. Simulation of the Kolmogorov inertial subrange using an improved subgrid model. Phys. Fluids A 3, 188-200.

Chasnov, J. 1991. Simulation of the inertial-conductive subrange. Phys. Fluids A 3, 1164-1168.

Cohen, J., and D. Rind 1991. The effect of snow cover on the climate. J. Climate 4, 689-706.

Lynn, B.H., and T.N. Carlson 1991. Simulating transpiration plateaus: The importance of leaf water potential. Ecol. Modelling 58, 199-208.

Rind, D., and M.A. Chandler 1991. Increased ocean heat transports and warmer climate. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 7437-7461.

Yin, F.-L., and I. Fung 1991. On the net diffusivity in ocean general circulation models. J. Geophys. Res. 96, 10773-10776.


Allison, M., and J.T. Lumetta 1990. A simple inertial model for Neptune's zonal circulation. Geophys. Res. Letters 17, 2269-2272.

Fu, R., A.D. Del Genio, and W.B. Rossow 1990. Behavior of deep convective clouds in the tropical Pacific deduced from ISCCP radiances. J. Climate 3, 1129-1152.


Chasnov, J., V.M. Canuto, and R.S. Rogallo 1989. Turbulence spectrum of a strongly conductive temperature field in a rapidly stirred fluid. Phys. Fluids A 1, 1698-1700.

Seager, R. 1989. Modeling tropical Pacific sea surface temperature: 1970-87. J. Phys. Ocean. 19, 419-434.


Canuto, V.M., I. Goldman, and J. Chasnov 1988. Turbulent viscosity. Astron. Astrophys. 200, 291-300.

Chasnov, J., V.M. Canuto, and R.S. Rogallo 1988. Turbulence spectrum of a passive temperature field: Results of a numerical simulation. Phys. Fluids 31, 2065-2067.

Seager, R., S.E. Zebiak, and M.A. Cane 1988. A model for the tropical Pacific sea surface temperature climatology. J. Geophys. Res. 93, 1265-1280.


Canuto, V.M., I. Goldman, and J. Chasnov 1987. A model for fully developed turbulence. Phys. Fluids 30, 3391-3418.

D'Arrigo, R., G. Jacoby, and I. Fung 1987. The role of boreal forests in atmosphere-biosphere exchange of carbon dioxide. Nature 329, 321-323.

Fung, I.Y., C.J. Tucker, and K.C. Prentice 1987. Application of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer vegetation index to study atmosphere-biosphere exchange of C02. J. Geophys. Res. 92, 2999-3015.

Smith, L.A., and E.A. Spiegel 1987. Strange accumulators. In Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 497, 61-65, Chaotic Phenomena in Astrophysics.


Smith, L.A., J.-D. Fournier, and E.A. Spiegel 1986. Lacunarity and intermittency in fluid turbulence. Phys. Lett. A 114, 465-468.


Robinson, W.A. 1985. A model of the wave 1 - wave 2 vacillation in the winter stratosphere. J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 2289-2304.