The nation‘s problem of sea level rise is also NASA‘s problem, and not just because several satellites and hundreds of Earth scientists are monitoring the rising seas. Sea level rise hits especially close to home because half to two-thirds of NASA‘s infrastructure and assets stand within 16 feet of sea level.
Larry Travis and Cynthia Rosenzweig from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City as well as Lorraine Remer, an affiliate of the Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland, have been named fellows by the American Geophysical Union.
To better understand factors affecting the range of habitable conditions of exoplanets, GISS climate modelers go back in time to simulate the “Snowball Earth” conditions of 720 to 635 million years ago and find that complete freeze-over is hard to achieve.
The staff of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies have voted the journal article “CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2” by Ron Miller et al. as the top work among over 130 research publications by institute staff to have been published in 2014.
The United States hasn't experienced the landfall of a Category 3 or larger hurricane in nine years — a string of years that‘s likely to come along only once every 177 years, according to a new NASA study.
While the Goddard Institute for Space Studies was opening the eyes of the world to new areas of Earth systems science in recent decades, its research roots in planetary science have continued. That expertise will now be applied to the new area of exoplanet systems science.
Research at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made changes in our environment that occur on various time scales — from one-time forcings such as volcanic explosions, to seasonal and annual effects such as El Niño, and on up to the millennia of ice ages — and that affect the habitability of our planet.
GISS is located at Columbia University in New York City. The institute is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and is affiliated with the Columbia Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science.
Coats, S., J. E. Smerdon, R. Seager, D. Griffin, and B.I. Cook, 2015: Winter-to-summer precipitation phasing in southwestern North America: A multi-century perspective from paleoclimatic model-data comparisons. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., early on-line, doi:10.1002/2015JD023085.
Naughton, F., L. Keigwin, D. Peteet, S. Costas, S. Desprat, D. Oliveira, A. de Vernal, A. Voelker, and F. Abrantes, 2015: A 12,000-yr pollen record off Cape Hatteras — Pollen sources and mechanisms of pollen dispersion. Mar. Geol., 367, 118-129, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2015.06.003.
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Li, T., R.M. Horton, D.A. Bader, G. Huang, Q. Sun, and P.L. Kinney, 2015: Heat-related mortality projections for cardiovascular and respiratory disease under the changing climate in Beijing, China. Sci. Rep., 5, 11441, doi:10.1038/srep11441.
Alexandrov, M.D., B. Cairns, A.P. Wasilewski, A.S. Ackerman, M.J. McGill, J.E. Yorks, J.E. Hlavka, S.E. Platnick, G.T. Arnold, B. van Diedenhoven, J. Chowdhary, M. Ottaviani, and K.D. Knobelspiesse, 2015: Liquid water cloud properties during the Polarimeter Definition Experiment (PODEX). Remote Sens. Environ., 169, 20-36, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.07.029.