Climate Change Shifting Wine Grape Harvests in France

Image of wine grapes

In a study of wine grape harvest dates from 1600 to 2007, scientists at NASA and Harvard University found that climate change is diminishing an important link between droughts and the timing of wine grape harvests in France and Switzerland. (2016-03-21)

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Record Warmth in February

Map of February 2016 global temperature anomaly

Almost all land surfaces on the planet experienced unusually warm temperatures during the month of February 2016, making it the warmest February in 136 years of modern temperature records. (2016-03-17)

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Drought in Eastern Mediterranean is Worst of Past 900 Years

Map of Mediterranean region drought

A new study finds that the recent drought that began in 1998 in the eastern Mediterranean Levant region, which comprises Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and Turkey, is likely the worst drought of the past nine centuries. (2016-03-01)

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Improving Global Model Precipitation Patterns by Downscaling

MODIS image of W African cloud cover

The inability of global climate models to match the timing or placement of short-term or regional precipation patterns such as the West African monsoon may be alleviated by "downscaling" to use smaller scale climate models with increased area resolution. (2016-02-17)

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NASA, NOAA Reveal Record-Shattering Global Temperatures

Global map of 2015 temperature

Earth's 2015 surface temperatures were the warmest since modern record keeping began in 1880, according to independent analyses by NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies and NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information. (2016-01-20)

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Earth's Recent History Key to Predicting Global Temperatures

Satellite photo of smog over China

Estimates of future global temperatures based on recent observations must account for the differing characteristics of each important driver of recent climate change. Researchers need to know the transient response and equilibrium sensitivity of climate forcings. (2015-12-18)

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About GISS

Research at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made changes in our environment that occur on various time scales — from one-time forcings such as volcanic explosions, to seasonal and annual effects such as El Niño, and on up to the millennia of ice ages — and that affect the habitability of our planet.

GISS is located at Columbia University in New York City. The institute is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and is affiliated with the Columbia Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science.

Recent Publications

Wada, Y., M.-H. Lo, P.J.-F. Yeh, J.T. Reager, J.S. Famiglietti, R.-J. Wu, and Y.-H. Tseng, 2016: Fate of water pumped from underground and contributions to sea-level rise. Nature Clim. Change, early on-line, doi:10.1038/nclimate3001.

Solecki, W., C. Rosenzweig, S. Solecki, L. Patrick, R. Horton, and M. Dorsch, 2016: New York, USA. In Cities on a Finite Planet: Towards Transformative Responses to Climate Change. S. Bartlett, and D. Satterthwaite, Eds. Routledge, 169-184.

Elmendorf, S.C., K.D. Jones, B.I. Cook, J.M. Diez, C.A. F. Enquist, R.A. Hufft, M.O. Jones, S.J. Mazer, A.J. Miller-Rushing, D.J. P. Moore, M.D. Schwartz, and J.F. Weltzin, 2016: The plant phenology monitoring design for the national ecological observatory network. Ecosphere, 7, no. 4, e01303, doi:10.1002/ecs2.1303.

Geogdzhayev, I.V., and B. van Diedenhoven, 2016: The effect of roughness model on scattering properties of ice crystals. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 178, 134-141, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2016.03.001.

Liu, L., and M.I. Mishchenko, 2016: Optics of water microdroplets with soot inclusions: Exact versus approximate results. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 178, 255-262, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.12.025.

Mishchenko, M.I., J.M. Dlugach, and L. Liu, 2016: Applicability of the effective-medium approximation to heterogeneous aerosol particles. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 178, 284-294, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.12.028.

Lee, Y.H., D.T. Shindell, G. Faluvegi, and R.W. Pinder, 2016: Potential impact of a US climate policy and air quality regulations on future air quality and climate change. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5323-5342, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5323-2016.